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Free Medical video : Medical videos Signs and symptoms of methothelioma, methothelioma signs and symptoms, Methothelioma exposure

Symptoms of methothelioma :

Shortness of breath, cough, and pain in the chest due to an accumulation of fluid in the pleural space are often symptoms of pleural methothelioma. Symptoms of peritoneal methothelioma include weight loss and cachexia, abdominal swelling and pain due to ascites (a buildup of fluid in the abdominal cavity).

Other symptoms of peritoneal methothelioma may include bowel obstruction, blood clotting abnormalities, anemia, and fever. If the cancer has spread beyond the mesothelium to other parts of the body, symptoms may include pain, trouble swallowing, or swelling of the neck or face.

Methothelioma that affects the pleura can cause these signs and symptoms: chest wall pain,  pleural effusion, or fluid surrounding the lung * shortness of breath * fatigue or anemia * wheezing, hoarseness, or cough * blood in the sputum (fluid) coughed up In severe cases, the person may have many tumor masses.

The patient with methothelioma may develop a pneumothorax, or collapse of the lung. The disease may metastasize, or spread, to other parts of the body.

Tumors that affect the abdominal cavity often do not cause symptoms until they are at a late stage. Symptoms include: * abdominal pain * ascites, or an abnormal buildup of fluid in the abdomen * a mass in the abdomen * problems with bowel function * weight loss In severe cases of the disease, the following signs and symptoms may be present: * blood clots in the veins, which may cause thrombophlebitis * disseminated intravascular coagulation, a disorder causing severe bleeding in many body organs * jaundice, or yellowing of the eyes and skin * low blood sugar level * pleural effusion * pulmonary emboli, or blood clots in the arteries of the lungs * severe ascites.

A methothelioma does not usually spread to the bone, brain, or adrenal glands. Pleural tumors are usually found only on one side of the lungs.

Prevention of methothelioma :

What can be done to prevent Methothelioma, Since the 1970s, the Environmental Protection Agency and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration have regulated the asbestos industry in the U.S. In the past, asbestos was used as a fire retardant and an insulator.

Other products are now used in its place. The controversy involving exposure to different forms of asbestos continues. There are two major types of asbestos: chrysotile and amphibole. It is thought that exposure to the amphibole form is more likely to cause methothelioma. However, chrysotile has been used more frequently, hence many methotheliomas are caused by chrysotile.

Removal is taking place in schools and other public buildings throughout the U.S. The hope is that these measures will greatly reduce the occurrence of this cancer.

What are the long-term effects of the disease?

A methothelioma is a highly aggressive tumor that is generally deadly. Current treatment of malignant methothelioma is designed to make the person with cancer comfortable. Although long-term survival cannot usually be expected, the case of famed paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould is a noted exception.

What are the risks to others?

Methothelioma is not contagious and cannot be passed from one person to another. The exposure to the asbestos that caused the cancer occurred many years to several decades before the disease appeared. People who live with asbestos workers have a higher risk of getting this cancer.

What happens once treatment is over?

Although methothelioma is very unpleasant it's still important for person after treatment is over to keep up all follow-up appointments and that's vital because further testing is always needed to check whether cancer is coming back or to examine possible side effects that could be rather unpleasant and what's even worse permanent.

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